Posted: Tue Aug 21, 2007 6:59 pm Post subject: Prambanan - A Temple of Extraordinary Beauty
Prambana is a Hindu Temple of extraordinary beauty, soaring up to 47 meter; Prambanan is a pinnacle of Hindu civilization in Java. Situated 17 kilometers from the center of Yogyakarta among picturesque gardens, Prambanan was built in 10th century A.D. during the reigns of two kings namely Rakai Pikatan and Rakai Balitung.
Prambanan temple has three main temples in the primary yard, namely Vishnu, Brahma, and Shiva temples. Those three temples are symbols of Trimurti in Hindu belief. All of them face to the east. Each main temple has accompanying temple facing to the west, namely Nandini for Shiva, Angsa for Brahma, and Garuda for Vishnu, each dedicated for the vehicle of each three gods. Besides, there are 2 flank temples, 4 kelir temples and 4 corner temples. In the second area, there are 224 temples.
Entering Shiva temple, the highest temple and is located in the middle, you will find four rooms. One main room contains Shiva statue, while the other three rooms contain the statues of Durga (Shiva's wife), Agastya (Shiva's teacher), and Ganesha (Shiva's son). Durga statue is said to be the statue of Roro Jonggrang in the above legend.
In Vishnu temple, to the north of Shiva temple, you will find only one room with Vishnu statue in it. In Brahma temple, to the south of Shiva temple, you find only room as well with Brahma statue in it.
Quite attractive accompanying temple is Garuda temple that is located close to Vishnu temple. This temple keeps a story of half-bird human being named Garuda. Garuda is a mystical bird in Hindu mythology.
Prambanan also has panels of relief describing the story of Ramayana. Another interesting relief is Kalpataru tree that - in Hindu - the tree is considered tree of life, eternity and environment harmony.
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