Posted: Sat Aug 25, 2007 10:08 am Post subject: Candi Mendut - A Unique Budhist Temple
Candi Mendut is a Buddhist temple built by King Indra of Syailendra Dynasty in 824 A.D. This sacred temple is situated 3 km eastward of Borobudur temple. It is older than Borobudur. Its architecture is square, and having an entrance on its steps. Its roof is also square and terraced. There are stupbas (= bell-shaped structures) on it. The walls of this lovely temple are decorated with stories for children; this temple also houses three big statues which are
1. Cakyamuni sitting in cross legged pose with dharma cakra mudra (= turning the wheel of dharma hand pose)
2. Awalokiteswara, a bodhi satwa as human being helper.
Awalokiteswara is a statue with Amitabha on her crown, Vajrapani. She is holding a red lotus and put on her palm.
3. Maitreya, a savior of human beings in the future.
Candi Mendut (Mendut Temple) is frequently used to celebrate the Waisak day every May full moon and the pilgrims from Indonesia and all parts of the world come to this ceremony.
The three meter tall statue of the Buddha, rest in the central niche of Candi Mendut, the easternmost of the two temples possibly associated with Borobudur. He sits in so-called European fashion, a pose uncommon but not unknown in the Buddhist art of the time. Candi Mendut was restored early this century, but the roof line of the restored temple is speculative at best. The ethics and practices of restoration have changed since Borobudur attracted the interest of European scholars at the turn of the century.
After Borobudur, Candi Mendut is the second largest Buddhist Holy place in the Kedu area. It is located at Mendut village. Mungkid District, Magelang Regency, about 38 kilometers northwest of Yogyakarta and 3 kilometers east of Borobudur. Mendut was probably erected by King Indra the first King of Syailendra dynasty. We suspect that the King attempted to build a sacred edifice in order to accumulate as many virtuous deeds as possible. Building a temple should be considered a virtuous deed. In addition to sacred duty, Mahayana Buddhism stresses the principle of Mahayana or mutual love among men, with the erection of the temple. King Indra complied with this principle by providing a place of worship for his followers so that they could also reach happiness and Nirvana.
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